References in Trading

Ambrose Clarke-Von Kapff and Brune Shipping Papers, 1793-1829, MS 1754. Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, MD. Finding aid.

Data Relating to the History of the Firm of H. Hackfeld & Co., Limited. Manuscript H00055, C. Kasten, compiler. Hawaiian Rare Manuscript Collection, University of Hawaii at Manoa. Finding aid.

Philipp Brothers Collection; AR 25131. Leo Baeck Institute, New York. Finding aid.

Ammann, Daniel. The King of Oil: The Secret Lives of Marc Rich. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2009.

Branch, Alan E. Elements of Shipping. 6th Ed. London and New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, 2007..

Copetas, A. Craig. Metal Men: Marc Rich and the 10-Billion-Dollar Scam. London: Harrap, 1986.

Emmerich, Alexander. John Jacob Astor: Der erfolgreichste deutsche Auswanderer. Stuttgart: Konrad-Theiss-Verlag, 2009.

Maischak, Lars. German Merchants in the Nineteenth Century Atlantic. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Mayer, Brantz. "F.W. Brune & Sons." In Baltimore: Past and Present, With Biographical Sketches of Its Representative Men Baltimore: Richardson & Benneti, 1871. 207-210.

Nolte, Vincent. The Memoirs of Vincent Nolte. Reminiscences in the Period of Anthony Adverse or Fifty Years in Both Hemispheres,. Translated by Burton Rascoe. New York: G.H. Watt, 1934.

Porter, Kenneth W. John Jacob Astor: Business Man. New York, NY: Russell & Russell, 1931.

Schnurmann, Claudia. "A Scotsman in Hamburg: John Parish and his commercial contribution to the American War of Independence, 1776-1783." In Small is beautiful? Interlopers and smaller trading nations in the pre-industrial period. Proceedings of the XVth World Economic History Congress in Utrecht (Netherlands) 2009 Edited by Markus A. Denzel, Jan de Vries and Philipp Robinson Rössner, 157-176. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2011..

Trassell, Timothy D. "Pennsylvania Iron and Bermuda Sloops: How Bermuda Merchant Captains Connected an 18th-century Pennsylvania Iron Plantation to the Atlantic World." Bermuda Journal of Archaeology and Maritime History 17 (2006): 164-184, Available online.

Waszkis, Helmut. Philipp Brothers: The Rise and Fall of a Trading Giant, 1901-1990. London: Metal Bulletin Books, 1992.

Waszkis, Helmut and Peter Marc Waszkis. . London: Metal Bulletin Books, 2003.

Wend, Henry B. Recovery and Restoration: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Politics of Reconstruction of West Germany’s Shipbuilding Industry, 1945-1955. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 2001.