Mandelbaum, Fredericka as a Canadian refugee
“Canada as 'Mother Mandelbaum.'” From the cover of Puck, 17, no. 432 (June 17, 1885). The illustration uses Fredericka Mandelbaum as an example of Americans who fled to Canada in order to avoid criminal charges. Uncle Sam is portrayed as a policeman standing at the U.S. boarder.