Simon Nelson Patten, ca. 1900


German-trained economist Simon N. Patten (1852-1922) connected business progressivism with a critique of nineteenth-century liberal economics in innovative ways. As the main theoretician behind the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School, he created an early “think tank” that promoted his vision of “voluntary socialism,” which combined a business focus with a critique of liberal notions of supply and demand, consumption, and economic scarcity.

Source and Copyright

Medium Black and White Photograph
Source University of Pennsylvania Archives
Copyright Copyrighted
Disclaimer Courtesy of the University of Pennsylvania Archives